Saturday, December 25
Tuesday, December 21
Monday, December 20
- 2 cawan tepung gandum
- 1 cawan garam
- 1 cawan air
- 2 sudu makan minyak masak
- pewarna makanan
- campurkan semua bahan kering iaitu item 1 dan 2.
- gaulkan bersama minyak masak
- masukan air sedikit demi sedikit sambil diuli tepung.
- setelah doh siap diuli rata, campurkan pewarna makanan.
- uli lagi sehingga warna rata didalam doh.
Sunday, December 19
Saturday, December 18
Friday, December 17
How to Ease Kindergarten Jitters
Help Your Child with the Transition to Kindergarten
Jun 26, 2008 Elizabeth Nolan
Even if your child has attended preschool or daycare, Kindergarten jitters are common. Kids worry about a lot of different things when entering an unfamiliar situation. As a parent, there are a few specific things you can do to ease their transition to elementary school.
What Parents Can Do
Stay Positive. Keeping the topic of school positive and exciting is important. Don't let your own emotions influence your child's feelings about starting school.
Be Sensitive. Validate your child's fears and reassure him or her. Point out how he or she has succeeded in new challenges in the past, and will be fine with this challenge too. Point out that you, too, have felt nervous about starting something new, such as a new job. Give specific examples when your child might have felt jitters before and how they handled it well, such as performing in a dance recital or ballgame.
Adjust Schedules Early. Don't wait until the day before school starts to give your child an earlier bedtime or wake up call. If your child knows the routine of what is expected on a school morning in advance, it definitely will make school mornings less stressful.
Stay Involved. Join the PTO or volunteer in the classroom. This keeps you up to date on what is happening within the school and also gives you a chance to meet your child's classmates. Kids do get excited to have their parents witness their new independence.
Things to Do with Your Child
Make School Prep Fun. Making the shopping trip to buy new clothes and school supplies fun can make your child feel special and excited about school.
Read Books. Reading with your child has always been a wonderful bonding experience. There are many books about starting Kindergarten that highlight some of the feelings your child may be having. Libraries and bookstores often have a shelf dedicated to these type of books over the summer months, so be sure to read a few with your child. This will also help you and your child talk about their fears.
Visit the School. Many schools offer an opportunity for the kids to visit the school and to meet the teacher before the new school year begins. Be sure to participate in these opportunities with your child, as it will give them an increased comfort level as they become familiar with the building, classroom, playground and teacher. You will also have a chance to meet other parents so you can exchange contact information and set up playdates over the summer.
View School Websites. Many teachers post a lot of information on their classroom websites such as needed supplies, photos of the classroom, school calendar, or the schedule of a typical day, as well as useful links and resources that you may want to be familiar with throughout the year.
Meet other Kindergarteners. Whether through playgroups, church groups, library storytimes, camps, or recreation department summer classes, look for venues with similar aged children attending so your child can interact with potential classmates. Having a familiar face in the classroom on the first day lessens some anxiety.
Keep in mind, every child is different as to how quickly they adapt to new situations. Keep communication open and positive with your child and be sensitive to their apprehension. Chances are by Halloween, you will have a very confident Kindergartener.
Thursday, December 16
Wednesday, December 15
Tuesday, December 14
While summer is fully upon us, for those children who will be starting Kindergarten in the fall, it’s time to start preparing. Some basic skills you need to start working on with your Pre-K child.
For those of us with older children already in school many of us are sincerely looking forward to the summer break. For those of us with pre-k children it’s time to start working on some of the basic skills kindergarteners are expected to know when they start school. While summer is supposed to be a time of more relaxation it’s a very good idea to keep the pre-k child working on these basic skills.
Most kindergarteners are expected to be able to function in a group setting. For children who have not been exposed to group settings very often entering a room full of other children can be scary. With summer approaching it’s a good time to make sure that your child gets some time with other children. Learning to share and get along with others will be a needed skill for kindergarten. Participating in-group activities such as church groups, playgroups or nursery school groups is an excellent way to get some of this exposure. Look for groups that you as parents can get involved in. Moms Help Moms is a good example of this. Many of the groups of MHM meet on a monthly basis and allow children to come along, thus giving them group exposure with other children.
It’s also a good time to make sure that your child’s cognitive and language skills are up to the expectations as well. Most five year olds can express themselves with a large variety of vocabulary. They can understand many more words in conversations than they can readily express as well. One of the best ways to build vocabulary and language skills, is to read to your children. They pick up on meanings of words and begin to recognize letters from books. A book is more powerful for building this skill than any TV program. A great idea might be to make a set time for some reading each day. I found that a nice short story before bed is a great way to help little ones settle down for the night and they learn without even knowing it.
Kindergarteners are expected to be able to hold and use a pencil, crayons and markers. They also like for kindergarteners to know how to use scissors and be able to draw some basic straight and squiggle lines. If you encourage your child to do some basic art with any of these it will help prepare them for the school year in the fall.
Now is also the time to start working on those shapes, colors and perhaps some basic letters. You don’t need any grand educational toys for this; just use the crayons and a piece of paper. They are not expected to know every color in a box of 64 crayons, just the basics. Colors like black, white, red, blue, green, yellow, orange, brown and maybe even purple and pink. They are also not expecting every geometric shape known to man either. Again, just the basics like circles, squares, triangles, rectangles and maybe a diamond. Use the crayons to draw one shape one color and so on.
For letters you can use their name to teach them different letters. Do you sing the alphabet song? No? Well it’s a good time to start. Driving down the road start up a sing a long of the alphabet song. Even if they don’t master the song but only pick up a few letters here and there that’s better than none at all.
The best way to know for sure what your child is expected to know when they start kindergarten is to call the school they will be attending and ask them if they have a reference sheet. This is a sheet that will list the different skills they would like each new kindergartner to know. I remember on one of our lists they asked that the kids know how to tie their own shoes. We worked on it all summer and by the time school started my daughter was ready.
Please don’t feel that you need to set a rigid schedule to work on these skills but just be aware of them and slip them in whenever you can. Watch their progress and be prepared to talk with their teacher if you have a concern at the beginning of the year. Remember that summer is a time for enjoyment and working on these skills can be fun.
Guest Author - Cheryl Lewis. petikan dari www.bellaonline.com
Sunday, December 12
Getting Ready for School
How Parents Can Prepare their Kids for Preschool and Kindergarten
Dec 4, 2008 Wei Yin Wong
Most children are drawn to new playmates and toys. Not surprisingly, many will find the idea of going to preschool or kindergarten appealing since both are homes to many toys and are frequently visited by little people. They probably look forward to starting school.
Still, preparing children for school is crucial to let them have some idea of what school is about. Here are some tips for mums and dads before sending their kids to preschool or kindergarten for the first time.
Visiting the School
If a child has never set foot in a preschool or kindergarten, his first visit during an information session or open day will offer a great experience. Show him around – the classroom, music room, playground, sandpit, etc – and introduce him to some of the teachers. Even a really shy child will be drawn by the set-up, play things and colors in the school. This initial visit will give him a clear picture of what he’ll be able to experience when he starts school.
Practising at Home
Going to school does require the child to be independent to a certain extent. That means he should’ve been completely toilet-trained, can open and close his lunch box, as well as wear and take off his shoes. If shoes with laces are tricky, opt for those with Velcro straps. Get the child to practise using these items.
Getting into a Routine
School life is all about following routines, a concept alien to young children. So slowly introduce routines at home as well, writes Kelly Baker in the article “Cool for School” that appears in the February/March 2008 issue of Australian Parents. For instance, at 10.30am during morning tea, state the time clearly to the child and say it’s time for morning tea. At 12.30pm, point out the time to the child and announce that it’s lunch time. At 2pm, tell him the time and say that it’s nap time. Keep doing this everyday until the child understands that certain things take place as certain times of the day.
Using Preschool Kits
Preschool kits containing games, puzzles, stories and various activities for kids as well as information for parents are available at bookshops. Consider getting one of these kits to keep the children occupied and prepare them for school.
Buying New Gear
While there is nothing wrong with using an older sibling’s old backpack or water bottle to save money, it’s always better to at least get a few new items for the child. Buy him some new clothes, a new bag, pencil case, stationery set, books, etc, if money is not a big problem. The hand-me-downs can be used as spares. With new things, the child is likely to be much more excited about going to school. Let him try wearing his new clothes and backpack with all the new gear inside and pretend that he is going to school. He’s bound to be beaming happily when doing that!
Letting the Child Make Minor Decisions
Children will need to make some decisions of their own at school. And with Mum not being around, making a decision can be a big challenge for a small kid. That’s why it’s important to practise making decisions at home. Arlene Eisenberg, co-author of What to Expect, the Toddler Years [HarperCollins, 1995], says, “Provide practice by giving your toddler choices whenever possible.”
Practising Following Multiple Instructions
At school, the teacher may give several instructions at one go. She may say, “Hang your bags up, go inside the playroom and sit on the floor.” Without practice, a child may get confused and only complete half of the tasks. So try giving the child multiple instructions at home for him to get used to them when he begins school.
Starting school is a big step for a young child. If he has a great initial experience at preschool or kindergarten, the rest of the year will be stress-free both the child and his parents. School readiness begins at home. So get him to practise many of the things he will eventually experience at school. The efforts are definitely worthwhile.
Copyright Wei Yin Wong. petikan dari suite101.com